Kinds of stones used for bead making
Precious stones are one of the most common materials used for creating jewellery and accessories. In different parts of the world, there are a lot of stones used for healing, decorations, and of course accessories.
Because stones like diamonds and sapphires are expensive, jewel makers make do with semi-precious stones that feature the same quality but for a cheaper price. All over the world, various kinds of accessories made of semi-precious stones have become a trend among people. If you’re a fan of jewellery but don’t have the money to buy high-quality gems, these stones are the perfect alternative you can try.
Similar to diamond, precious stones such as rubies, emeralds, sapphires and Alexandrite are found in the earth’s crust. Usually, they are formed 3 to 25 miles beneath the earth’s surface, but stones such as diamond and peridot are sourced deeper underground.
When diamonds are formed, they manifest in areas called ‘kimberlite pipes’ that can be found in the earth’s mantle near the outside edge of the surface. When the molten magma covers the surface of these pipes, it slowly forms into small crystals with rough surfaces.
How stones are formed
Other stones are formed when igneous rocks and crystals interlock as the cooling phase is ongoing. Gems will form depending on the elements present in the compound. If the cooling phase is slower, the larger the crystals will get. Usually, the stones found in igneous rocks are amethyst, citrine, ametrine, moonstone, apatite, diamond and tanzanite.
On the other hand, sedimentary rocks also form their kind of gemstones. This happens when remnants of rocks are carried by the water and compressed into mounds over time. When sedimentary rocks merge with lava and cool down, it forms gems such as jasper, malachite, opal and zircon.
The third variant is the metamorphic rocks which form when the earth is under intense heat and pressure that can alter the composition of the existing rocks within it. Metamorphic rocks usually produce gems such as lapis lazuli, spinel, ruby, sapphire, zircon and turquoise.
How are gemstones acquired?
Diamond and gemstone mining are processes that undergo different procedure to be acquired. Usually, they are recovered through the use of complex machinery and tools that can deeply penetrate the thick layers of the earth.
This process is rigorous and requires a lot of careful planning because mining is hazardous. However, some stones don’t require much mining because they’re located at the shallow parts of the earth’s mantle.
Are they worth the investment?
Gemstones can be considered as good investments because stones such as sapphires, emeralds and rubies are also valuable in their own right.
They can be sold, depending on the appraiser’s judgement. When you’re buying precious stones, make sure they’re high grade and are not made from laboratories because there are people who make artificial crystals for mass production.
Different kinds of semi-precious stones used for accessories
So, if you’re ready to invest in semi-precious stones, here’s a list of stones you can check out from Beady:
With its rich and iridescent colour that mimics the sea, aquamarine is a stone that is always associated with the ocean. According to sailor myths, aquamarine is the stone of the merfolk that contains the powers of the sea.
In earlier times, this stone was used to navigate the ocean and cure people of seasickness during a voyage. Meanwhile, in ancient China, the aquamarine stone was believed to be the stone of the bodhisattva called Kuan Yin, which she used to heal people of their diseases and ailments.
The aquamarine stone belongs to the beryl family. When translated in English, it means ‘seawater’. Because of the presence of iron oxide in the stone, it forms rich sea colours such as green, blue and sea green. When aquamarine is formed, it must undergo a temperature of over 500 to 600 Celsius.
If you’re an ocean lover and you want to be reminded of the ocean’s beauty, opt for aquamarine accessories. We offer rings, bracelets and necklaces that can suit your boho-chic vibe.
Alexandrite is another stone that features a blue-green hue. Also known as the magical gemstone, Alexandrite is known for its ability to change colour based on the time of the day. In the morning, it features a blue colour with mossy-green undertones. When the night strikes, its colour changes to red with a touch of raspberry that glimmers.
The Alexandrite was founded in 1930 in a mountain in Iraq. However, this stone isn’t exclusive to the Middle Eastern country and can also be found in other countries such as Brazil, Sri Lanka and East Africa.
Because of its ability to shift in colour, the Alexandrite is known as ‘emerald by day, ruby by night’. This is possible due to the mineral called chrysoberyl found in the stone’s mixture. The stone earned its name because it featured the military colours of Imperial Russia and also had an abundant deposit in the country’s Ural Mountains.
According to lore, the Alexandrite stone can be used to strengthen the imagination and become more creative and insightful.
Amethyst is one of the most popular stones you can invest in. In ancient myths, the amethyst stone was a gift from the powerful Greek titan Rhea. Because of its calming properties, she gave the stone to the god Dionysus to help him keep his sanity caused by his drinking habits.
This stone features a beautiful purple hue and can come in several shapes. Because of its vibrant colour, the amethyst stone can be added to both gold and silver accents to highlight its beauty. If you want an eye-catching accessory, this stone is perfect for you.
With its deep, amber hue, citrine is one of the most beautiful stones you can invest in. For thousands of years, this stone has been known for its natural beauty and earthy charm that soon became the inspiration for creating accessories for Hollywood stars such as Greta Garbo and Joan Crawford.
Nowadays, citrine can be sourced from different countries and has lost the opulence that was once associated with it. Despite this, it still stands as one of the most popular stones you can invest in. Because of the different cuts and styles that can be done with citrine, you can ask your local jeweller to fashion a unique design that will show your taste in high-quality accessories.
The best accessories made of citrine are cubic-style with remarkable hardware designs that can add extra charm to your style. When it comes to positive effects on the body, citrine is believed to contain a lot of benefits that can improve digestion, calculatory and kidney health.
Emerald’s rich and vibrant green hue has been prized by jewellery collectors for thousands of years. Its rare beauty, antiquity and eye-catching charm made it one of the most priceless jewels of all time. Emerald’s name came from the Greek word ‘smaragdus’.
While other gems feature a green colour, nothing comes close to the opulence that emerald has. The first emeralds mined dates back to around 300 BC in Egypt and were used on Cleopatra’s accessories.
In biblical legends, emeralds were one of the stones gifted by God to King Solomon who received power and strength. According to other lore, the emerald stone has the ability to cure illnesses such as cholera and malaria. Additionally, wearing an emerald is also believed to reveal if a lover is unfaithful to his mother.
Next to diamond, sapphire is the next most valuable gem in the world. Contrary to popular belief, sapphire doesn’t only come in blue hues but has variants such as green, pink and more. For thousands of years, this stone has been used by royalty and noblemen as accessories. It also comes with a lot of interesting myths which makes it even more valuable.
Sapphire’s name was derived from the Greek word ‘Sapphirus’ which means blue. Sapphire stones feature a deep blue hue that almost looks indigo. In Hindu mythology, the sapphire is a part of the Kalpavriksha or the wish-fulfilling tree. It was described as a huge tree with rubies for fruit, a diamond-studded trunk and roots made of precious sapphire stones.
Meanwhile, Persians believe that sapphires were chips from the monolith pedestals that bore the earth. Sapphire stones are extremely beautiful and expensive. There are different sapphire grades in the market, so make sure you check these before buying. Be wary of synthetic variants because they are very rampant in markets.
In China, Jade is known as one of the most popular stones that provide healing, happiness and luck. Its roots can be traced back to Eastern civilizations where it’s revered as a healing crystal that can provide many health benefits to users. You will usually find jade attached to different kinds of jewellery and statues in the country.